The Primary Trainer may, but is not required to, take the role of supervisor for the trainee’s practicum experience.
Twenty hours of supervision must be given by the Primary Trainer, or by another TEP that is approved by the Primary Trainer. The additional 20 hours can be given by a supervisor approved by the Primary Trainer who has a master’s degree in an educational or clinical field and who meets state regulations for practice in the desired area of competency.
It is recommended that trainees receive a variety of supervision from at least two TEPs skilled in the areas of interest during this supervised practicum. Supervision and training hours are documented by both the trainer and the trainee for the purposes of accurate record keeping.
Supervision is distinguished from training hours because the focus of the supervision is how to improve treatment or education provided to the client and group. The supervisor assists, guides, and evaluates the trainee in the integration of theoretical and training psychodrama experiences to the trainee’s chosen area of practical skill and interest.
The hours of supervision may be conducted face to face, by phone or video communications, or on-site supervision where the TEP observes the trainee directly during the session. Supervision may be individual or group settings. The supervisor and supervisee work together in areas such as:
- Marketing of services to possible clients
- Design of services including goals and objectives
- Screening new clients
- Issues of diagnosis, assessments, treatment planning, group goals
- The interaction of clinical issues with action methods
- Integrating psychodramatic and sociometric interventions with existing clients
- Countertransference issues that affect treatment
- Skill development in certain areas and with different techniques
- Moments of difficulty with action interventions
- Role development as a director and auxiliary ego
- Management of conflict in groups and issues with group dynamics (sociometry)
- Creatively incorporating psychodrama, sociodrama, and sociometry in new settings and in new ways
- Evaluation of interventions and effectiveness
- Research design
- Discharge criteria
- Ethical concerns such as conflict of interest, dual/multiple relationships
- Misfits for a group and how to terminate them for the service